Options of contraception even now are wrapped in illusions and uncertainty because many women are ashamed to talk about them with gynecologists. A modern woman should have a clear and correct understanding of birth control in order not to pay for the committed mistakes by her health. This article contains the most widespread delusions and tries to dispel them.
MYTH 1: Interrupted sex is the most reliable method of preventing pregnancy
“Omnipotence” of an interrupted sex in terms of birth planning is one of the most widespread myths. Absolutely all variants of family planning are somehow connected with the possibility of motherhood. All techniques of protection have a percentage of such outcomes. And if you compare withdrawal and, for instance, hormonal tablets or barrier contraception, where the percentage probability of getting pregnant is equal to 1-2%, the interruption is in the range of 27-30%. Nevertheless, many couples over the years practice this technique of dealing with unwanted pregnancy just because it does not require any special devices or cash for their purchase or time of their acquisition and use. Still, before the ejaculation, the men allocate a liquid, which is also contains quite active sperm cells. Even the fact that in this liquid a number of sperm cells is very low, the possibility that someday the fastest of them will reach an ovum, always remains. Some men are unable to catch the moment of ejaculation. In addition, the reaction could affect his overall health, fatigue or external discomfort. Excess alcohol or continued detention —also can cause male inattention.
MYTH 2: Ability to get pregnant, after the first time, after 45 years, after the abortion
Among “young and inexperienced” prevails an extremely mistaken view that after the first sex nobody gets pregnant. However, if a girl already had her period, even the first in her life— say doctors —pregnancy is possible. Another myth concerns such a difficult moment in the life of females as abortion, saying that in the first month after it conceiving is unrealistic. Indeed, the body needs some time to recover since the medical abortion is a procedure that is accompanied by hormonal and psychological changes. But ovulation can occur at the 14th day after it. So once again the woman gets pregnant.
MYTH 3: A breastfeeding mother couldn’t become pregnant
Because of this highly popular opinion 10% of females in the first year after childbirth refer to medical institutions for abortion. Nature truly provides a natural protection from pregnancy to nursing mothers — so-called period of lactation amenorrhea. But it is relevant only until menses appear, if the mom feeds the baby with breast milk only, without supplemental baby food, by strict adherence to feeding at least 7-8 times a day. If even one of these requirements is not observed, there is a high probability of conceiving.
MYTH 4: Intrauterine contraception is contraindicated for young women?
All these spirals, loops, probes put into the uterus prevent motherhood for a long time, even up to 10-12 years. Of course, for very young females who are planning to get married and have children they are not very suitable, based even on the standpoint of logic. However, on the impact on health, say doctors, these products are absolutely safe for women of any age, however did not hinder the venereal diseases. There are drugs that have not only a reliable preventive effect, but also reduce the greasiness of the skin and the amount of acne on the face. And this is a big problem for young girls.
MYTH 5: Hormonal contraceptive use causes excessive weight
Pills alone cannot be the direct cause of obesity. The hormone estradiol, contained in contraceptives, cause increased appetite and fluid retention in the body. Over time (3-4 months), this side effect will pass. Contraceptives of the latest generation are more perfect. They contain a minimal amount of estradiol; in them are added stuffs that help to stabilize weight.
MYTH 6: When you are using the COC (combined oral contraceptive) libido decreases
A slight decrease of libido in females can be observed only in the first adaptive month of hormonal medications that is directly associated with the overall restructuring of the body. This decrease in sexual activity is normal and temporal; in the next month natural libido levels should be completely restored.
MYTH 7: Drinking alcohol is a taboo for those who take oral contraceptives
Life does not end with the beginning of reception family planning pills. Of course, you will have holidays, birthdays, corporate parties and romantic evenings with a loved one by candlelight; complying with a strict “prohibition” is not necessary. Scientific research has proven that ethanol, which is a part any alcoholic beverages by itself does not reduce the preventive effect of birth control tablets. But one cannot allow the simultaneous use of intoxicating beverages and birth control pills (maintain three-hour intervals between these activities).
MYTH 8: If a woman has sex irregularly, then it is better to use urgent contraceptives
Sometimes women think that if they have irregular sexual life, it would be better, if they take the pills a couple of times a month than drink them daily; by contrast, such reasoning put them at great risk. One tablet of “emergency” contraception contains six times more hormones than a usual one, so such tablet inflicts great harm to the body. If you regularly turn to the emergency prevention tablets, you can ruin your hormonal background. If at least twice a month you need the protection, then we are talking about a regular sexual life.
MYTH 9: Oral contraceptives have a lot of unwished consequences, can seriously undermine the health, and even make you handicapped.
On stupidity it is possible to drown in a spoonful of water. Yes, there are side effects. But! They arise due to improperly matched preventive tablets, due to violations of the rules of reception, and due to inappropriate attitude to health. Upon receiving the family planning meds a patient must to undergo regular inspection, at long reception — to take breaks. Then everything will be all right.
MYTH 10: Contraceptives cause fetal pathology
If you take the tablets during pregnancy, then yes, either miscarriage or fetal abnormality awaits you. In other cases, birth prevention pills do not influence future pregnancy and the fetus.
MYTH 11: Hormonal pills do not prevent conception, they provoke a miscarriage
This is nonsense. These tablets contain female sex hormones, approximately in a concentration in which they are produced during pregnancy. Roughly speaking, the body “thinks” that it is expecting a baby. Suppresses ovulation (egg cells do not mature), there are changes, similar to those that occur during pregnancy (hence, in fact, all the side effects). If there is no opportunity for conception, why should an abortion happen?
MYTH 12: You cannot conceive in time of menstruation
Physicians warn that it is possible to conceive during, before and after the monthlies. The chances to conceive a child is pretty low during menstruation, but the sperm is very tenacious and can retain its function for up to 72 hours, while being in the uterine lining. After the end of the period, they are moving further and can fertilize an ovule, resulting in pregnancy.
MYTH 13: Due to oral contraceptives a woman becomes infertile
At the time of taking the pills yes, of course. Actually, this is the major purpose of these tablets. Based on numerous investigations, the frequency of infertility in women taking birth planning medications was hundreds of times less than in those of their peers who had childbirth and abortion without the use of contraception.