It is not difficult to see the link between illnesses of the body and the state of despair. Ailments can seriously change the lifestyle of the sick person, for instance, limit the ability to move around independently and be yourself. For this reason, the person would have to give up favorite occupations, which would undermine the confidence and hope for the future. And it is not something astonishing that under such circumstances the ill person has a feeling of despair and sorrow. In some instances, depression could be caused by negative outcomes of medicines used or the physical aspects of the ailment.
The presence of deep sorrow and a chronic illness may give the ill the desire to be isolated from society, which is likely to exacerbate the state of despair.
In certain cases, depressive symptoms may worsen due to the season (so called fall depression).
Below is data on the percentage of manifestations of depression on the background of chronic disorders:
- Infarction: 40-60%
- Coronary artery disease (without heart attack): 18-20%
- Parkinson’s disease: 40%
- Disseminated sclerosis: 40%
- Stroke: 10-27%
- Diabetes: 25%
- Chronic pain syndrome: 30-54%
Very often in such cases depressive symptoms remain undetected as by the patient’s relatives and the ill himself because they think that the appearance of feelings of sadness and despair during the fight against the ailment is something expected and normal. Symptoms also often disguised as other physical ailments.
The most widespread causes of secondary depression are disturbances of hormonal balance in lesions of organs and glands of internal secretion. And among them in the first place are lesions of the thyroid gland, which most often affect women. Despondency, fatigue may be the first manifestations of this endocrine organ malady.
The forms of depressive disturbances occur in a quarter of all people with diabetes mellitus.
Depressive states can also be caused by illnesses of the adrenal glands.
Depression, which can sometimes develop on the background of communicable diseases, can be either one of the signs of the infection itself, or arise as a psychological response to the ailment. The physiological problem usually develops during therapy or directly after overcoming the illness. Depression is often an early sign of mononucleosis. The signs of mononucleosis are very diverse. These include a feeling of mild colds, or fever, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes, headache, weakness.
Moreover, depression is often happening at viral hepatitis: infectious liver diseases caused by certain viruses. Specialists have identified three main types of viral hepatitis: A, B and C. Depressive states are rather the manifestation of hepatitis B or C than hepatitis A the most common and mild form of the illness. Symptoms vary in severity, but usually include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fever, joint pain and yellowing of skin and eyes.
Viral pneumonia is a disease which is characterized by hacking cough, headache, muscle pain, bluish lip color, and is often followed by depressed mood, confusion or dizziness.
Status of major depression arises in many sufferers from cancer. Nevertheless, only a small percentage of people with some form of depression have cancer. The state of despair manifests itself as one of the symptoms in the whole picture of cancer. Sometimes cancerous tumors produce in large quantities serotonin a substance which participates in the biochemical regulation of mood. The imbalance of this process leads to depressive symptoms. But this constant feeling of sorrow can also occur as a psychological reaction to suffering from pain, fear and anxiety in connection with cancer.
Quite often depressive disorders accompany pancreatic cancer. The flow of pancreatic cancer is very rapid. It usually leads to death in 3-6 months. Also depression could be often caused by brain tumors. In some instances, this mood disorder is the first and only sign of a brain tumor.
In autoimmune disorders, our immune system that normally protects us against illnesses becomes aggressive to the body’s own cells. One of these conditions is lupus erythematosus, in which develop inflammation of connective tissue. It affects the skin, joints and internal organs. Lupus can lead to mental infringements, including depression. Some researchers suggest that in about a quarter of patients with lupus erythematosus, even before the diagnosis of the illness, or shortly thereafter were found mental disorders in the form of memory impairment on current facts and events. Approximately in 3% of patients mental disorders are the first, the only sign of lupus.
State of despair occurs in about 10% of people who become aware that they are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) — the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). And when infected with HIV develop AIDS, this mood deterioration develops in not less than 30% of cases. HIV itself can provoke depression as well as other opportunistic infections that develop on the weakened immune background , difficulties of treatment and from the stressful situation, when a person knows that has a disease, against which there is no cure.
Degenerative illnesses are disorder in which nerve cells degenerate and die. One of these conditions — Parkinson’s disease — that affects some of the nerve centers of the brain. Characteristic symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include involuntary trembling (tremor) of the fingers, head. Most researchers agree that depression is a component of the Parkinson’s disease, rather than a psychological reaction to it.
Huntington’s chorea is a very rare, inherited, degenerative illness of the nervous system that begins in middle age. Gradually appear and grow involuntary movements of the limbs, torso, head, followed by changes occur in the human psyche. In some cases, depressed mood or, alternatively, the high spirits, other psychiatric disorders appear already at the early stages.
Depressive feelings are often accompanying aphrenia (dementia) the disturbance in which there is progressive loss of memory and other intellectual abilities. In people with dementia develop confusion or dizziness when patients are incapable of rational conversation, are not oriented in the surrounding space. In Alzheimer’s disease depression develops in 87% of cases. Depressed mood, strange statements and explicit nonsense typical of the illness can be quite successfully eliminated with medication.
In elderly people manifestations of depression could be so severe that it becomes difficult to comprehend and recall the various events of the life. This state could erroneously be perceived as the initial breaches of Alzheimer’s disease. But unlike it, depression is a curable condition. Only a qualified professional would be able to tell these two conditions apart.
Manic and depressive states may also be an early manifestation of multiple sclerosis.
Cardiovascular system includes the heart and the blood vessels. Changes and diseases of these organs can also cause mood deterioration. Stroke leads to depression in about half of all people hospitalized with this cerebral violation. To clarify the causes of depressive disorder must be conducted psychological and neurological examination. If the deterioration in mood occurred after a stroke, the physician can recommend antidepressants, and some form of counseling or psychotherapy.
To the symptoms of depression can lead metabolic disorders: the totality of all chemical transformations of matter and energy in the organism, providing its vital functions.
In some people to depression can lead a long-term lack of vitamins in the organism. It and other mental disorders can be early signs of vitamin B12 deficiency, folic acid deficiency, lack of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) and vitamin B1 (thiamine).
Depressive condition can be an early symptom of iron deficiency and anemia, which arises from the lack of this element in the organism. It may also be caused by insufficient intake of sodium, magnesium, zinc, as well as excessive calcium content in blood. The source of depressive disorder could be toxic effects of certain substances. So, the symptoms of despair are not rare in people who are exposed to materials that contain plumbum, mercury, arsenic and other toxic substances.
Depression, infirmity and chronic disease create a vicious circle. Long-term illness may cause the bouts of deep sorrow, which in turn negatively affects the overall treatment. Living with a serious illness is an awful trial, and sensations of bitterness and hopelessness is a typical reaction to the daily struggle with the problem and its complications. But if these feelings remain for a long time, you observe a violation of sleep, mode of nutrition, you lose interest in favorite activities, you should seek medical attention urgently. Frequently, the person asks a logical question: what should I do if I’m depressed? Depression is no less threatening and serious condition than any other disease of the body. Therefore, it cannot be ignored and requires a separate, full and thorough treatment.