Female egg: facts you might not know about. A female egg is the most important cell in the organism of every girl or woman. Nevertheless, almost nothing is told about it at school in biology class. Check: maybe some information was previously unknown to you. How many female eggs are in the organism of each girl?
Maturation of a female egg is strikingly different from the maturation of the sperm. In men, the sex cells are produced continuously. Well, let’s say a young man behaved badly in April. Then he changed his mind and corrected himself. Then the July sperm cells can turn out to be quite qualitative. But girls are given the whole “kit” from birth. And all the harmfulness that you loaded into your organism, no matter at 5 or at 25, will settle on female eggs too.
In two ovaries of a newborn girl are about two million follicles with oocytes contained in them. They are immature ovules. They remain inactive for the time being, namely, until puberty. Some die, never waiting for the heyday of the girl. By the time of the first menstruation, there remain 300000-400 000 full-grown eggs. From menarche to menopause, you have to experience about 300-400 menstrual cycles. That is, about as many eggs will ripen. In fact, one female egg a month. Some of them will get a chance to create a new life.
In case if you want to avoid pregnancy, you have to think about ways of contraception. Luckily, they are many and usually very affordable. Modern ladies have an opportunity to buy birth control online or in any drugstore nearby.
Release of a female egg
The mechanics of the process is as follows. In the first phase of the menstrual cycle, a small number of follicles (35-37 per day) begin to grow actively. They release into the blood female sex hormones estrogens. The more follicles are included in this race, the more hormones get into the blood. This means that your femininity is also more visible. But in ten days all the follicles, except one, stop growing and regress. They no longer matter. And only one continues to grow. It grows larger (reaches 2 cm in diameter) until it bursts and releases a female egg into the abdominal cavity. Actually, this moment is known as “ovulation” (from the Latin ovum — “egg”). It occurs, as a rule, 14 days before menstruation. The edges of the ruptured follicle in the ovary are collected as a bud, and form a yellow body. It is this second phase of the menstrual cycle that begins to produce another female sex hormone, progesterone. It is crucial for the preservation and development of pregnancy.
The female egg cannot “wander around” for a long time. Practically at once it is picked up by the fimbria of the uterine tube. Then— driven into the funnel. And further it is possible to move only towards the uterus. The meeting of a female egg with the sperm usually occurs in the fallopian tube. But this is already the initiative of the sperm. It tends to unite, whereas the female egg itself, without paying attention to the “boyfriend”, continues to make its way to the final point of travel. Fertilized or not the female egg will get there! And there it will decide what to do next. If a spermatozoon has penetrated it, it will begin to settle down, becoming fixed in the endometrium — the inner, mucous layer of the uterus. The next 9 months it (well, not exactly as a female egg anymore) will stay there. If the female egg has completed its journey alone, it will send a signal to the yellow body and die. The yellow body will also cease to function and endometrial rejection (menstruation) will begin. On the whole the wonderful journey of the ovum takes about 2 days.
Ovulation of a female egg
The scheme is clear: ovulation occurs on average 14 days before menstruation and lasts 48 hours. And just in these 48 hours your chances to get pregnant are the highest. But we know that “in general” and “on average” is often far from reality. Sometimes the circuit is blocked and stops working. Therefore, you should not study the general rules, but your own body.
Rhythm of ovulation can change with endocrine diseases, after abortion, childbirth. There are menstruations without ovulation and ovulation without menstruation. Nursing mothers and women in menopause are often sure that they cannot face pregnancy. Sometimes it leads to different incidents. Young mothers must understand that the process of female egg maturation is inhibited only if the break between breastfeeding does not exceed three hours in the afternoon and four at night. Having decided to have a rest longer you are at risk. Even women over 50 can’t completely relax and forget about birth control measures. The reproductive function fades away gradually. Sometimes the maturation of a “late” female egg is possible. European gynecologists sound the alarm: frivolous attitude towards contraception is increasingly leading to the pregnancy of women after menopause. Therefore, in any age is important to use suitable birth control measures. For example, birth contraceptive pills. Such as one of the most popular ones —Yasmin. Before using it, talk to your physician to find out whether it is good for you, possible adverse reactions and Yasmin 28 dosage.
2-3 cycles a year without ovulation is the medical norm. Here is an illustrative example. If the duration of your cycle is 21-23 days, and menstruation lasts 6-7 days, then ovulation occurs immediately after menstruation. Strong love emotions and stresses also lead to unexpected results. Additional ovulation may occur. Especially if you don’t have a constant partner. And with an irregular menstrual cycle, ovulation and menstruation can coincide in time. This entire means that the mathematical calculation of “safe” or “favorable” days is a useless thing. Even harmful.
It happens that at some point all the follicles stop growing. No one is big enough to burst and release a female egg. Specialists call this the “polycystic ovary syndrome”. It is considered to be the most common cause of infertility. Fortunately, now it can be cured. The spermatozoon retains its reproductive properties almost 2 times longer than the ovum! Hiding in the corners of your reproductive system, it can 3, or even 4 days, insidiously wait for a female egg. So, as you now know, pregnancy sometimes occurs, even if sex was on a “safe” day.