Menopause is a special time in a woman’s life when on the background of general age-related changes in the body fades the function of the reproductive system. Typically, climacteric period occurs in 45-50 years and lasts 1.5-2 years. At this time the hormonal activity of the ovaries fades, and the development of sex hormone estrogen goes down. Sometimes there is an early climax (40 years old) and late — after 55 years. Age of menopause, as the symptoms that accompany it, largely depends on hereditary factors.
Physicians divide three stages of climax:
- Premenopausal: menses pass less frequently or more often than usual
- Menopause: occurs when there is no period throughout the year
- Postmenopausal period: a period of 3-15 years after the last menstrual period
In the majority of females the first signs of climax manifest themselves by:
• Disrupted menstrual cycle. Initially appears delay menses and then they completely disappear
• Most specific sign of climax is a tide. Tides may be characterized by profuse sweating. A woman feels the heat, the body begins to blush. Sometimes the skin can sweat and a minute later — becomes dry again, and then again — gets wet. The woman feels weakness, nausea. In some females, hot flashes occur up to 55 times a day
• As has been already mentioned, another sign of climax is sweating. At night, this feature is especially abundant and therefore might be a need to change bed linen after every night
• Severe headache, even painkillers are not helping sometimes; muscle pain. Appears depression, the person isn’t able to relax. Emotional failure is constant, you unreasonably sad, then happy
• The woman begins to suffocate and often falls into a panic and fear
• Vertigo. Often you hear the noise in the ears and unexplained sounds. Nausea, vomiting. Some women cannot even get out of bed because of the poor performance of the cerebellum during this period
• Rapid heartbeat, pains in the chest
• At menopause often changes the blood pressure. Attacks reach such a degree that a woman may faint
• Headache, nausea and vomiting are the first signs of high blood pressure. Usually it could be reduced by traditional means or tablets
• Appears uncomfortable feeling, as if someone stabs you in the hands or feet. Also possible unpleasant shivers
• During climax women can experience numbing of fingers. Usually this feeling occurs in the thumbs, middle and index fingers
• Strong and sharp pain in almost all the muscles, sore joints, aches in the waist and unbearable back pain. But joint pain not always indicates menopause, such pain can be a manifestation of osteoporosis
• Some people have a feeling that something stuck in the throat
• Often, a woman is suffering from forgetfulness, inattention. Appears atherosclerosis
• Dryness in vagina. The ovaries stop producing hormones, and the vagina does not get the lubricant anymore, that’s why females feel discomfort such as itching and burning. Vagina eventually normalizes and becomes again soft and moist
• Females rapidly gain weight. Even if you eat only healthy food, you are still going to set weight a little bit. Scientists have discovered why women begin to put on weight during this period. It turned out that it’s just a defensive reaction of the body to changes
How to ease the signs of climax? Generic guidelines include:
• Advisable before the onset of climax to eat less meat and more vegetables and fruits
• Cut down the amount of coffee and tea. During climax is preferable to drink herbal teas and juices
• Give up cigarettes or at least reduce the number of cigarettes
• Eat cheese, yogurt, milk, vegetables with dark -green leaves for the prevention of osteoporosis
• Also suggested a good rest, increased physical activity
In some cases, the physician may recommend medical treatment
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
It is used most often and is also a method of the prevention of late metabolic disorders during menopause. The preparation and scheme of hormonal treatment must be chosen by a gynecologist individually, taking into account possible contraindications and assessment of risks and benefits for a particular patient. For hormone replacement therapy use the natural estrogen and its analogues in combination with progesterone. Since receiving HRT is associated with a number of unwanted side effects the healing must be carried out under a strict medical supervision. Absolute contraindications to HRT are breast cancer or suspicion on it, autoimmune ailments, untreated endometrial hyperplasia and thrombosis, bleeding from the genital tract of unknown origin, acute liver and biliary tract violations.
The composition of these medicines includes plant hormones that are designed to fill the deficit of their own hormones in women. Phytomedication cannot be applied in the presence of estrogen-dependent tumors. Phytohormones as the HRT may cause weight gain. Long-term use of these drugs is not recommended.
Most often they are appointed with HRT, followed by a gradual decrease in the dose of hormones. In some cases, homeopathic remedies alone can eliminate the symptoms of menopause. These drugs can be taken for a long time they do not affect the weight.
Along with the medications, directly affecting the hormones, to relieve signs of climax could be appointed sedatives, drugs that regulate blood pressure and improve blood flow and vitamins.