Ovulation in women is the moment when the ovum is removed from the ovary and enters the fallopian tube, where it becomes accessible for impregnation by sperm. This period lasts 24 hours, during this phase a woman has the greatest odds of getting pregnant. That’s why so many women closely monitor days of the menstrual cycle and uses various techniques of calculating fortunate time for fecundation.
Ovulation in females of reproductive age takes place repeatedly, every 21-35 days. Always only one ovum is released each month around the middle of the cycle; for instance on the 14th day in the cycle of 28 days.
Ladies during this time note improvement of mood, intensification of sexual desire, skin condition gets better. This is the mechanism by which nature helps the representatives of the fair sex to attract potential partner and father. But these manifestations are individual; all ladies undergo ovulation differently and pinpoint it only by feelings or physical appearance is impossible. The menses are straightforwardly related to ovulation and is regulated by hormones. Menstruation is a dead ovum excretion from the organism if it wasn’t fertilized.
The best odds of fecundation are on the day of ovulation, this possibility makes 33%. Also it is likely to get pregnant a day prior to ovulation, the likelihood is 31%.
Frequency of maturation of eggs is regulated primarily by hormones of the anterior pituitary and ovarian follicular hormone. Habitual for every woman ovulation rhythm undergoes a change within 3 months after the abortion, within one year after childbirth, and after 40 years, when the organism prepares for premenopausal period. Physiologically monthly maturation of eggs stops with gestation, and after the attenuation of menstrual function.
There are certain symptoms that allow every woman to recognize this period without a visit to a gynecologist:
- Availability of temporary pain of mild intensity
- Increased physical attraction to the opposite sex
- Abundant mucus secretion from the cervix
One of the most popular and affordable ways of determining ovulation is monitoring and regular measurement of basal body temperature. The technique is quite simple and does not require any special equipment, except, of course, conventional medical thermometer. Every morning, at the same time without getting up out of bed and not making coarse, sharp movements need to insert the thermometer into the rectum for 5-7 minutes. Do not try to insert the thermometer as deeply as possible; 2-3 cm depth is enough. Each measurement must be recorded on a piece of paper, lined on the graph: a graph of temperature (vertical) and a graph of dates of the month (horizontal). At the intersection of the month and a certain temperature mark a dot. The next day, write down a new measurement, a new dot is connected to the previous dot with the line. And so on to the end of the cycle. Pursuant to this technique, the moment of ovulation is deemed 12 hours to increased basal body temperature or between a recession and increasing. Before ovulation generally the temperature drops to 36°С, and the day when the egg enters the uterus, it should go up to 37.2°C.To use this method you must in advance for a few months build the basal body temperature charts, analysis which will make it possible in subsequent cycles more accurately predict the day of ovulation.
How do you know when the ovulation takes place in your particular case, if you have no desire to wake up every morning at the same time, get up out of bed and make any sudden movements? You can buy a test for ovulation. It makes no sense to resort to ancient techniques when invented more reliable and less wearing tools to determine the best days to conceive. Tests detect ovulation in saliva and urine. As an additional method — blood tests for hormones. Also modern medicine allows you to see the process of oocyte maturation using ultrasound. Prior to detect the day of ovulation in house conditions, it is recommended to visit the gynecologist and consult with him about the availability of your individual characteristics. This helps you more accurately detect the date of ovulation itself and predict pregnancy according to your plans. Doctors warn that the process of maturation of eggs can vary significantly at:
- Stressful situations
- Violation work and rest regime
- Change of sexual partners
- Viral and bacterial infections
- Climate change
- Prolonged use of hormonal contraceptive drugs
It happens that maturation of eggs does not occur for various reasons due to hormonal failure, illness or age of climax. Ovulation and gestation are closely associated, so the absence of the first leads to the inability to have a baby. Even in a healthy female egg matures not in each cycle. Two or three cycles per year with anovulation (absence of ovulation) is considered ordinary. With age the number of such periods increases. But if you have four or more anovulation a year, contact your physician. As with cases when a woman’s underbelly badly hurts in the ovulation, it can be a sign of endocrine or gynecological sicknesses. If the process of ovulation is violated, stimulation is performed. Before the appointment of such a serious treatment is carried out the full range of tests that allow defining levels of hormones in females. Apart from the stimulation must be performed regular ultrasound diagnostic. Stimulation of ovulation is not a universal cure for infertility, it helps only in cases when a problem is related to maturation of eggs; if pregnancy does not occur due to obstruction of the fallopian tubes or low sperm motility, stimulation would not be helpful. Stimulation of ovulation should not be conducted more than 5-6 times in life, otherwise it can affect the ovaries and accelerate the climax.
Calculation of this day is doable only if the menstrual cycle is complete and stable, which is fully achieved only in women aged 20-24 years. Up to this point it is constantly changing, and identifying something is very difficult.