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Who is an andrologist and what does he cure?

Who is an andrologist?

Andrologist is a specialist who treats men, or rather, various conditions affecting the male genital. Its competence includes the detection of abnormalities in anatomical features and endocrinological disorders. In addition, an andrologist corrects the patient’s psychosexual state, talks and teaches…
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Probably no organ in a man causes such attention and gives as much concern as the prostate. On the full functioning of it depends full work of all genitourinary system, sexual capabilities and normal love life.

Prostate is an odd exocrine gland of the men’s reproductive system whose anatomical location determines its basic functions. It increases with age and changes its appearance. Its maximum size it normally reaches approximately to 20, remaining physiologically correct to 45 years. Normally, the prostate gland does not exceed in size 30 – 43 mm, these values depend not only on age, but on the physiological characteristics of the person. Also, it should not exceed 20 ml in scope. This rule applies to any age and any deviation from its values is considered pathology.

The basic functions of the prostate are as following:

Motor. Muscle tissue has the ability to hold urine, and during ejaculation, through its rhythmic contractions, releases the sperm
Barrier. Shielding function is probably one of the most important. The gland, “stands in the way” of any infective factor, does not allow it to penetrate into the bladder through the urethra
Incretory function. Here takes place the production of specific hormone-like substances that affect the functions of the prostate
Secretory. Here produces specific secret, which is responsible for sperm viability. This phenomenon is constant, but it is only shown during intercourse, so in order to avoid stagnation, regular sex is a necessity
This inner body has a few areas that emerge in the process of embryonic development. Important, in terms of medicine, are considered two: central and peripheral.

The central zone is the surrounding urethra. The tissues it is made of are prone to proliferation. That, by the way, is the reason of frequent diagnosis of benign tumors in this particular part of the organism.

The peripheral zone of the prostate is the department in which is developing more than 70% of cancer cells. It is available to finger rectal examination and is considered the most vulnerable.

Any problems associated with the prostate, are accompanied by difficulties and pain during urination and sex. It is connected with its localization. If you experience discomfort in the area between the genitals and anus, be sure to contact the nearest clinic and complete all necessary procedures of examination.

The most common problem related to the prostate is prostatitis: an illness of inflammatory nature primarily associated with hypothermia of areas in which it is located. This pain is followed by strong difficulties of urination up to the complete closure of the urethra. The sickness has a tendency to become chronic, which means the gradual suppression of sexual functions.  

The prostate gland is not so well defended as it might seem at first glance and are often subjected to adverse impacts from outside, which is the reason of occurrence of many sicknesses. To reduce the risk, you must:

Avoid hypothermia of pelvic region and genitals
Lead a regular sex life
Obligatory monitoring in medical facilities, at least one or two times a year