Period delay. Probably nothing catches women by surprise like a period delay. After all, if critical days are delayed, then it means that for some reason the menstrual cycle has failed. Every woman who is of reproductive age has faced such a problem at least once in her life. And the first thing that comes to mind is pregnancy. Of course, delay of menstruation is one of the first signs of pregnancy. But pregnancy is by no means the only reason. There are many basic and common reasons that we will consider below in the article.
Very often, women who have sex life associate the period delay with pregnancy. Of course, the easiest way to check whether you are pregnant or not is to buy a pregnancy test. If the test shows the positive result, then everything is clear. But if the pregnancy test is negative, then it is worth seriously considering what the reason for the delay is. And the only correct decision will be consultation with the gynecologist and further treatment of the cause of menstrual failure.
It’s not for nothing that people say that all problems are from nerves. Any stress affects many processes in our organism, including the menstrual cycle. The fact is that during stress, the body reduces the quantitative production of luteinizing hormone (LH), which in turn affects ovulation. LH deficiency provokes the period delay or amenorrhea. In general, stress can be safely called the cause of number 1 for failure in menstrual cycle. So it is very important for girls and women to always be happy and cheerful. Try to always find only good in life!
Illness, for example, a severe cold, as well as stress can cause the period delay. After all, any disease is a stress for the organism, only physical. Say you are sick and at the same time in your organism should begin the process of ovulation. With almost 100% certainty we can say that this month the period will be delayed. As a rule, such a breakdown is temporary. And if the disease is completely cured, then in the future there should not be problems. In order not to face this and just kill two birds with one stone, lead a healthy lifestyle and strengthen your immunity.
The biological clock has failed.
Changing the climate, the regime of the day and all that significantly changes your habitual way of life, makes your biological clock “reset” the old regime and start working in a new rhythm. This failure is more common in business women who work in offices. Consider, for example, a case when you have so much work to do and the deadline is tight. Then you have to stay at work, sometimes work at night, eat poorly, do not get enough sleep and get nervous. All this leads to the fact that the body is under severe stress, the biological clock fails. After all this shake-up of an organism in any woman, of course, the period delay is a logical consequence.
Probably, you will be surprised, but medicines too are capable to cause the period delay. Most often, it is a pill of emergency contraception, which young girls swallow without thinking and in large quantities. Let’s say, in order to avoid pregnancy when a condom breaks. In general, it must be clearly understood that emergency contraception is a great stress on the body. Because of high concentration of hormones. So better use reliable OC pills to avoid conception. For example Yasmin tablets. Of course, in addition to emergency contraception, there are other drugs that can cause, usually, a small delay of 5 to 10 days.
Therefore, always ask about the side effects and correct dosage of those medications that are prescribed to you by your doctor. So you do not panic and think about the real reasons for the period delay.
Overweight or underweight
Of great importance for the menstrual cycle is also the weight of the woman’s body. Obese women’s health is often characterized by violated hormonal background. Which, as a result, will later cause the period delay.
The fact is that in the subcutaneous fat in a small amount takes place the development of female hormones — estrogens. They regulate a large number of processes in the organism, including the menstrual cycle. Accordingly, the bigger this layer, the more hormones are produced.
The reason for the period delay may also be the woman’s insufficient weight. Some women who have low weight suffer from a problem such as amenorrhea (lack of menstruation) and cannot conceive a child for a long time.
In medicine, there is a term such as “menstrual mass”, which is at least 45-47 kg.
If the weight of the girl does not reach this minimum, then various problems with critical days begin to show up. That’s why it is not recommended for a woman to sit on strict diets and perform excessive physical activity. Very often problems with the period are found in professional athletes. In this case, the normal diet and the intake of vitamins will help normalize the monthly cycle in order to gain the necessary weight.
Perimenopause is a period that occurs in a woman several years before the menopause. During this period, there is already a smooth restructuring of the organism. And therefore, various changes in the reproductive system can be observed. In the pre-climactic period, the ovaries of a woman begin to produce less estrogen, resulting in various deviations in the woman’s menstrual cycle, including the period delay.
Gynecological, endocrine and infectious diseases
If a woman has a delay of critical days even for 5 or 10 days, and a pregnancy test is negative, then doctors-gynecologists immediately diagnose ovarian dysfunction. In fact, if we go into more detail, then dysfunction of the ovaries is a medical synonym for the phrase the period delay. This term describes any atypical dysfunctional uterine bleeding, which can be caused by a variety of different illnesses and external factors.
For example, in case of polycystic ovaries is often observed a periodic absence of menstrual bleeding in time. The disease is associated with hormonal disorders, which leads to infertility. Polycystic ovary is associated primarily with the fact that there are violations of the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands. In addition to delay in polycystic ovaries, hirsutism is observed (male-type hairiness) due to the production of a large number of male hormones, androgens.
Often, the period delay is observed with inflammatory processes in the internal genital organs. In this case, the ovaries, experiencing stress, lead to disturbances in the processes of maturation of the follicle, ovulation, as well as in the work of the yellow body. Inflammation can cause many factors, for example, infectious illnesses. Dysfunction of the ovaries can cause illnesses such as: uterine myoma, inflammation of the uterine appendages (salpingo-oophoritis), endometriosis, cervical and uterine cancer. But it should be clearly understood that these conditions can cause bleeding that are often very abundant.
Period delay in teenage girls
The period delay in adolescent girls during the first – second year from the beginning of the first menstruation (menarche) is considered the norm. It is very rare when you can observe a regular cycle in young girls. At this age the girl becomes a woman, in her body there are various serious changes. The fact is that in the first two years the growing hormonal background in the growing girl is unstable. There is a rise and fall in the level of hormones in the blood. As soon as hormones cease to rage, the cycle is normalized.
By the way, often young mothers think that during this period is impossible to get pregnant again. The logic is simple: no period — no conception. This is not quite true. So it is necessary to choose birth control that is appropriate for this period of life.
Period delay after giving birth
During this period, prolactin is intensively produced. Because of it the cyclic function of the ovaries is suppressed. If a woman does not breast feed her baby from the first days, her menstruation should completely normalize after 2 months after childbirth.
The lactation period is the natural reason for a prolonged period delay. During breastfeeding in the body of a nursing mother, the level of prolactin increases. This hormone is a natural obstacle in the process of maturation of the egg. Usually, the cycle restores after weaning the baby from the breast, along with milk production.