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Uterine bleeding, types and causes

Uterine bleeding, types and causes
Uterine bleeding, types and causes

Uterine bleeding, types and causes

Vaginal bleeding not only sounds horrifically, but actually may end up not very well for women. This is a pathological condition provoked by a violation of secretion of sex hormones, which has nothing to do with pregnancy, blood sicknesses, tumors and different inflammatory sicknesses of the genital organs.

This pathology could appear in any woman, at any period of life, that’s why vaginal bleeding criterion is classified by age as follows:

  • In the age of 12-18 years (at puberty or juvenile age)
  • During the reproductive age (18-45)
  • In climacteric period (45-55), when ovarian function fades

How could you determine blood loss signs by your own?

At any age distinguishing feature of bleeding are: lasting profuse discharges that last longer than 7 days with signs of anemia and are confirmed by blood test and the listed below features:

  • Weakness, fatigue
  • Vertigo, headaches
  • Paleness of skin
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • Profuse discharge (when in an hour a tampon is filled completely or pads soak through, even at night there is a need to change sanitary pads). Sometimes a person is unable to even leave the house, cannot do household chores and most of the time had to lie in bed and rest
  • Apart intensity, can be noted a significant quantity of blood clots
  • Bleeding is considered also an allocation of blood after sex
  • If the menses last more than 7 days with severe pain in the belly and back

No matter how weird it may seem, but the fundamental causes of especially heavy menses are obscure to physicians – gynecologists even now.

But beyond these menstruations there are quite a few kinds of bleeding whose reasons are exactly known. Consequently, such reasons may be:

Violations of hormonal background

Assuming, the hormonal background is in a satisfactory state, keeps optimal correlation between estrogen and progesterone. And precisely due to that menstruation starts on time and blood loss in this case is minimal. Thanks to these aforementioned hormones happens the natural monthly modification: forming and the subsequent removal of the endometrium. And if in a female organism has a place hormonal disharmony, the endometrium is growing unusually strongly. And its removal has an unnatural character, happens not at once, but over time. As a consequence, starts uterine hemorrhage.

Teenage girls are at the highest risk especially during the 1.5 years after the beginning of menstrual cycle. This is explained quite simple: the hormonal system of an adolescent is not yet completely established, as it only “includes” in the overall work of the organism. And in ladies that are expecting the menopause, hormonal system, by contrast, ceases to function correctly. Anyway, in either situation, very often quite strong imbalance takes place, which eventually may lead to uterine bleeding.

Thyroid sickness

The reasons for such violations could be sicknesses such as hyperthyroidism.

Sicknesses of the circulatory system

Sometimes gynecologists encounter cases in which the main culprits of uterine bleeding appearance are different blood sicknesses, followed by a significant decrease in levels of platelet count in the blood. Platelets are needed to stop any kind of blood loss.


The strongest uterine bleeding occurs in case of inner uterine myoma. In such cases, medicamental therapy does not bring absolutely any benefit. In order to ease the condition an operative surgery is required, which aims to remove uterine fibroids.


If this sickness happens the following: there is a fusion of internal muscle layer of the uterus. Because of this greatly increases the menstrual surface area of the uterus. But the contractile ability of the uterus worsens. Menstruations in women are extremely long, copious and painful.


Typically, these polyps most frequently are observed in women of childbearing age. To remove them, a woman needs a prompt surgical intervention: scraping of the uterine cavity.

Complicated pregnancy

Sadly to say, but very often the reason of this ailment is a complication during pregnancy: miscarriage in early pregnancy or ectopic gestation, or premature detachment of the placenta. In these cases the woman should as fast as possible seek medical attention in a nearby medical institution.

Oncological sicknesses of genitals

Such oncological sicknesses, for instance, malignant formation of ovaries, cervix and uterine body, often result in the progression of fairly strong uterine bleeding. Timely diagnosis and qualified medical care are fundamental conditions of healing. In such cases, the price of delay could be a woman’s life.

Intrauterine contraceptives

The appearance of uterine bleeding can be an adverse consequence of the use of non-hormonal intrauterine birth control devices. Moreover, if a girl at the same time consumes such preparations as aspirin and other anticoagulants, the risk of vaginal hemorrhage increased exceedingly.

Therapy of these conditions comprises four main goals: stop bleeding, replenish the blood loss and get rid of the root causes and prevention. Note that such kind of hemorrhage of any nature is treated in a hospital. The appropriate technique of healing could be determinate only by a qualified physician, bearing in mind the age of the patient, the cause of the sickness and severity of the condition.

The basic method to stop bleeding is a surgical diagnostic curettage, which also makes it possible to determine the cause of its appearance. Application of hormone therapy is another method of stopping bleeding. For these purposes, used primarily estrogen or combined oral contraceptive preparations. After the uterine bleeding has stopped perform preventive measures.

The best prophylaxis are considered to be regular visits to a gynecologist (at least once a year), a full treatment of existing illnesses in terms of the sexual sphere, personal hygiene and the regime of the day, regular sex life with one partner (permanent), healthy way of life and strengthening of the immunity.

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